Postal History from Finland 1889 - 1918


 

Postal rates 1891 1918

 

Preliminary remarks

From 01.05.1981, when the so-called "ring stamps" were issued, it was possible to pay for an shipment in both Finnish and Russian currency. From this date there were also two weight systems, one Finnish one Russian. Shipments to Russia paid with Finnish currency were treated as foreign mail, and shipments paid with Russian currency was treated as domestic mail. Finnish stamps were invalidated for use to Russia and the Empire from 01.01.1892., and to foreign destinations from 14.08.1900. Russian stamps were never mandatory on domestic mail.

From 01.01.1901 the Russian weight system was abandoned on domestic mail. Domestic shipments franked with stamps in Russian currency were from this date treated according to the existing Finnish weight system.

On the 01.10.1917, in connection with the independence, new Finnish stamps were issued. Rates and weight system was changed. It was still possible to use Russian stamps on domestic mail until 28.11.1917 but all rates were in Finnish currency. For foreign mail Russian stamps were in use until 11.03.1918(Beginning of May to Russia from the southern part of Finland).

Notes to the tables
All dates stated in the tables are according to the Gregorian calendar and including both the first and the last date stated.

Rates are stated in Marks (m), Pennies (p), Rubles
(r) and Kopeks (k).
1 Mark = 100 Pennies, 1 Ruble = 100 Kopek.

1 Luoti(l) = 13.3 gram(g). + Means for each additional, e.g. + 500 g means; for each next 500 g.

 

Domestic

Local cover

Weight class

0-500 g

 

03.10.1875
03.10.1914

10 p

 

01.05.1891
03.10.1914

3 k

 

04.10.1914
31.09.1917

15 p / 5 k

 

Weight classes I-IV, etc.

0-30 g

> 30-60 g

> 60-90 g

> 90-120 g

+ 30 g

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

20 p

40 p

60 p

80 p

20 p

15.04.1918
19.10.1919

25 p

50 p

75 p

1 m p

+ 25 p

 

Cover

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-500 g

+ 500 g(1)

01.01.1887
03.10.1914

20 p

40 p

60 p

1 m

+ 1 m

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-1 l(2)

> 1-2 l

> 2-3 l

+ 1 l

 

01.05.1891
31.12.1900

7 k

14 k

21 k

+ 7 k

 

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-500 g

+ 500 g

01.01.1901
03.10.1914

7 k

14 k

21 k

35 k

+ 35 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-500 g

+ 500 g

04.10.1914
30.09.1917

25 p
10 k

50 p
20 k

75 p
30 k

1 m 25 p
50 k

+ 1 m 25 p
+ 50 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-30 g

> 30-45 g

+ 15 g

 

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

30 p

60 p

90 p

+ 30 p

 

15.04.1918
19.10.1919

40 p

80 p

1 m 20 p

+ 40 p

 

 

Postcard

01.07.1875
30.04.1891

01.05.1891
30.09.1917

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

15.04.1918
11.04.1920

10 p

10 p / 3 k

15 p

20 p

 

Printed matter

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1887
31.12.1900

5 p

10 p

15 p

+ 5 p

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-4 l

> 4-8 l

> 8-12 l

+ 4 l

01.05.1891
31.12.1900

2 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1901
30.09.1917

2 k / 5 p

4 k / 10 p

6 k / 15 p

+ 2 k / + 5 p

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

10 p

20 p

30 p

+ 10 p

15.04.1918
19.10.1919

15 p

30 p

45 p

+ 15 p

 

Documents

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-200 g

> 200-250 g

> 250-300 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1887
03.10.1914

20 p

25 p

30 p

+ 5 p

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-12 l

> 12-16 l

> 16-20 l

+ 4 l

01.05.1891
31.12.1900

7 k

8 k

10 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-150 g

> 150-200 g

> 200-250 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1901
03.10.1914

7 k

8 k

10 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-250 g

> 250-300 g

> 300-350 g

+ 50 g

04.10.1914
30.09.1917

25 p / 10 k

30 p / 12 k

35 p / 14 k

+ 5 p / 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-150 g

> 150-200 g

> 200-250 g

+ 50 g

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

30 p

40 p

50 p

+ 10 p

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-100 g

> 100-150 g

> 150-200 g

+ 50 g

15.04.1918
19.10.1919

40 p

45 p

60 p

+ 15 p

 

Merchandise

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-100 g

> 100-150 g

> 150-200 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1887
30.09.1917

10 p

15 p

20 p

+ 5 p

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-4 l

> 4-8 l

> 8-12 l

+ 4 l

01.05.1891
31.12.1900

3 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1901
30.09.1917

3 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-100 g

> 100-150 g

> 150-200 g

+ 50 g

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

20 p

30 p

40 p

+ 10 p

15.04.1918
19.10.1919

30 p

45 p

60 p

+ 15 p

 

Registration

01.07.1881
30.04.1891

01.05.1891
30.04.1898

01.05.1898
03.10.1914

04.10.1914
30.09.1917

01.10.1917
14.04.1918

15.04.1918
11.04.1920

25 p

25 p / 7 k

20 p / 7 k

25 p / 10 k

40 p

50 p

 

 

Within Red Finland

After independence from Russia the leftwing ("The Reds") parties staged a coup that led to a civil war. The Government troops ("The White") won this war early may 1918. In between the Reds had established their own Postal authority with their own postal rates. These rates were effective in the South and Southeast red parts of Finland in the period from March 1 1918 to approx. April 15 1918.

 

Cover

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-30 g

> 30-45 g

+ 15 g

 

40 p

80 p

1 m 20 p

40 p

 

Local cover

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-30 g

> 30-60 g

> 60-90 g

+ 30 g

 

25 p

50 p

75 p

25 p

 

Postcard

25 p

 

 

 

 

 

Printed matter

Weight classes I, etc.

+ 50 g

 

 

 

15 p

 

 

 

Registration

50 p

 

 

 

 

 

To foreign destinations

Cover

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-15 g

> 15-30 g

> 30-45 g

> 45-60 g

> 60-75 g

+ 15 g

01.07.1881
30.04.1891

25 p

50 p

75 p

1 m

1 m 25 p
50 k

+ 25 p

01.05.1891
30.07.1900

25 p
10 k

50 p
20 k

75 p
30 k

1 m
40 k

1 m 25 p
50 k

+ 25 p
+ 10 k

01.08.1900
13.09.1917

10 k

20 k

30 k

40 k

50 k

+10 k

14.09.1917
11.03.1918

20 k

40 k

60 k

80 k

1 r

+ 20 k

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-20 g

> 20-40 g

> 40-60 g

> 60-80 g

> 80-100 g

+ 20 g

12.03.1918
31.01.1921

50 p

1 m

1 m 50 p

2 m

2 m 50 p

+ 50 p

 

Postcard

01.04.1879
30.04.1891

01.05.1891
14.08.1900

15.08.1900
13.09.1917

14.09.1917
11.03.1918

12.03.1918
31.01.1921

10 p

10 p / 0,04 r

4 k

8 k

20 p

 

Printed matter

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

> 150-200 g

> 250-300 g

+ 50 g

01.01.1887
30.04.1891

5 p

10 p

15 p

20 p

25 p

+ 5 p

01.05.1891
14.08.1900

5 p
2 k

10 p
4 k

15 p
6 k

20 p
8 k

25 p
10 k

+ 5 p
+ 2 k

15.08.1900
13.09.1917

2 k

4 k

6 k

8 k

10 k

+ 2 k

14.09.1917
11.03.1918

4 k

8 k

12 k

16 k

20 k

+ 4 k

12.03.1918
31.01.1921

10 p

20 p

30 p

40 p

50 p

+ 10 p

 

Registration

01.04.1879
30.04.1891

01.05.1891
14.08.1900

15.08.1900
13.09.1917

14.09.1917
11.03.1918

12.03.1918
31.07.1918

25 p

25 p
10 k

10 k

20 k

50 p

 

 

To The Russian Empire

Cover

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-1 l(1)

> 1-2 l

> 3-4 l

> 4-5 l

> 5-6 l

+ 1 l

01.01.1887
31.12.1891(*)

25 p

50 p

75 p

1 m

1 m 25 p

+ 25 p

01.05.1891
31.12.1900

7 k

14 k

21 k

28 k

35 k

+ 7 k

Weightclasses I-V, etc.

0-13 g

> 13-26 g

> 26-39 g

> 39-52 g

> 52-65 g

+ 13 g

01.01.1901
03.10.1914

7 k

14 k

21 k

28 k

35 k

+ 7 k

Weightclasses I-V, etc.

0-15g

> 15-30 g

> 30-45 g

> 45-60 g

> 60-75 g

+ 15 g

04.10.1914
04.09.1917

10 k

20 k

30 k

50 k

60 k

+ 10 k

05.09.1917
11.03.1918

15 k

30 k

45 k

60 k

75 k

+ 15 k

Weightclasses I-V, etc.

0-20g

> 20-40 g

> 40-60 g

> 60-80 g

> 80-100 g

+ 20 g

12.03.1918
11.01.1921(*)

50 p

1 m

1 m 50 p

2 m

2 m 50 p

+ 50 p

 

Postcard

01.04.1879
31.12.1891

01.05.1891
14.09.1917

15.09.1917
11.03.1918

12.03.1918
31.01.1921

10 p(*)

3 k

5 k

20 p(*)

 

Printed matter

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-4l

> 4-8 l

> 8-12 l

+ 4 l

01.01.1887
30.04.1891(*)

5 p

10 p

15 p

+ 5 p

01.05.1891
03.10.1914

2 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

04.10.1914
04.09.1917

2 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weightclasses I-III, etc.

0-2 l

> 2-4 l

> 4-6 l

+ 2 l

05.09.1917
11.03.1918

2 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weightclasses I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

12.03.1918
31.01.1921(*)

10 p

20 p

30 p

+ 10 p

 

Documents

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-12 l

> 12-16 l

> 16-20 l

+ 4 l

01.05.1891
03.10.1914

7 k

8 k

10 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-III, etc.

0-20 l

> 20-24 l

> 24-28 l

+ 4 l

04.10.1914
04.09.1917

10 k

12 k

14 k

+ 2 k

Weightclasses I-III, etc.

0-7 l

> 7-8 l

> 8-9 l

+ 1 l

05.09.1917
11.03.1918

15 k

16 k

18 k

+ 2 k

Weightclasses I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

12.03.1918
31.01.1921(*)

10 p

20 p

30 p

+ 10 p

 

Merchandise

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-4 l

> 4-8 l

> 8-12

+ 4 l

01.05.1891
04.09.1917

3 k

4 k

6 k

+ 2 k

Weight classes I-V, etc.

0-10 l

> 10-11 l

> 11-12 l

+ 1 l

05.09.1917
11.03.1918

10 k

11 k

12 k

+ 1 k

Weightclasses I-III, etc.

0-50 g

> 50-100 g

> 100-150 g

+ 50 g

12.03.1918
31.01.1921(*)

10 p

20 p

30 p

+ 10 p

 

Registration

01.07.1881
30.04.1891(*)

01.05.1891
31.12.1891

01.01.1892
03.10.1914

04.10.1914
04.09.1917

05.09.1917
11.03.1918

12.03.1918
31.07.1918(*)

25 p

7 k / 25 p

7 k

10 k

20 k

50 p

 

 

To The Russian Empire from Red Finland

After independence from Russia the leftwing ("The Reds") parties staged a coup that led to a civil war. The Government troops ("The White") won this war early may 1918. In between the Reds had established their own Postal authority (Suomen Postineuvosto/Revolutionary Postal Administration) with their own postal rates. These rates were effective in the South and Southeast red parts of Finland in the period from March 12 1918 to early May 1918.

 

Cover

Weight class

0-20 g

 

 

 

 

35 k

 

 

 

 

Postcard

20 k

 

 

 

 

 

Registration

70 k